Do Not Buy or Adopt Sight Unseen
Adopting a New Kitten or Cat
Congratulations! You’re about to adopt a new kitten and enter a fabulous and fulfilling feline friendship. Besides lots of love and play, though, there are many things to consider as you’re deciding how to add this little furry friend to your family.
Breed: Do you want a sweet mixed-breed domestic short- or long-haired kitten from the shelter? Or do you prefer a purebred kitten with a pedigree? Cats vary in physical appearance and personality type; this can be breed-dependent. It’s a good idea to make decisions prior to your search, as you may choose to examine shelters, contact cat breeders, or evaluate breed-specific rescue groups. Please keep in mind though that there are lots of cats and kittens that desperately need a home. Even if you are looking for a specific breed, you might want to consider contacting breed rescues.
Age: Does the idea of a tiny, adorable, helpless, mewling fluff-ball kitten appeal to you? Or do you want a more robust, older, and self-sufficient kitty? Perhaps you don’t want to deal with a juvenile at all and prefer an adult cat? Kittens are incredibly active, full of energy, and require training and lots of attention. In general, most kittens should be fully weaned from their mothers and eating solid food prior to starting off in a new home. Early removal from moms may result in health or behavior problems; some speculate that kittens who are taken from their mothers too early may nurse inanimate objects and even their owners.
Indoors or outdoors: This is a tough decision, and one you’ll need to make once your cat reaches adult age. In general, indoor cats live safer, longer lives, and are not as susceptible to cat fights, cars, encounters with wild animals, parasites, infectious diseases and other risks unique to outdoor exposure. Conversely, outdoor cats may not be as prone to obesity or behavior issues. If you are grappling with these decisions the best course is to speak openly with your veterinarian about the optimal choices for your household.
House Size: Do you have a big house or a tiny studio apartment? No matter where you reside, please make sure to give kitty a safe and private escape spot. Also, make sure that you have adequate room for storing toys, food, and litter boxes. Litter boxes can become particularly odiferous, and you’ll typically need more than one for your kitten. Also determine whether certain rooms in the house will be “off limits” to the kitten. “Kitten-proof” your home by keeping medications and cleaners locked up and appliances closed off. Restrict your kitten’s access to yarn, string, paper clips, staples, and hair bands-all are commonly-identified foreign bodies, which if swallowed can be injurious or even fatal.
Declawing Please don’t. Declawing involves ten separate amputations of the last joint in each of your cat’s claws. There are very effective alternatives to declawing such as scratching posts and Soft Paws nail caps.
Spaying/Neutering: Spaying and neutering is usually recommended for all pets. Not only to help deal with the overpopulation problem, but also to help prevent behavioral problems and certain health issues. Please discuss this with your veterinarian.
Other cats and dogs: It is important to introduce any other dogs or cats to your kitten under slow and controlled circumstances, and equally imperative to have a safe and private retreat spot for the kitten to escape. Pets gradually acclimate to one another. Feliway can be helpful because it mimics the “fell-good” pheromone cats deposit when they rub their cheek on an object. Please talk to your veterinarian if you’re having difficulties with introducing new pets to each other.
Children: Do you have babies or children? Teach the children to interact with the kitten gently and with respect. NEVER allow young children or babies to be unsupervised with the kitten.
Playtime: Make sure that you keep a scratching post and plenty of enrichment toys available for your kitten to enjoy. In addition, please ensure that your kitten has plenty of regular contact with human household members both for play and for appropriate socialization. Interactive play session with a wand toy are a great way to help exercise and socialize kitty.
Food: Are you going to feed dry kibble or canned food? Both have benefits: dry food is easier to store and handle and can be left out for long periods of time. Canned food is considered more palatable, and may have a dietary make-up more suited to feline nutritional needs than dry food.
Necessary Supplies: You need a cat carrier, food/water dishes, cat food, litter boxes, litter, toys, cat bed, urine/feces cleaner, enrichment toys, and a scratching post. It’s a good idea to invest in some books about basic kitten training and management.
Veterinarian: Identify your veterinarian as soon as you can prior to adoption. Your veterinarian will be your most important resource for your kitten’s health and husbandry. A thorough physical exam after getting kitty will help ensure he or she receives the proper vaccinations, worming and health advice to live a long happy life.
Congratulations on your new family member! Rely on your veterinarian to take you through the joys of cat companionship. Your vet is your best resource to help ensure the health of your feline friend.
Disclaimer: This website is not intended to replace professional consultation, diagnosis, or treatment by a licensed veterinarian. If you require any veterinary related advice, contact your veterinarian promptly. Information at CatHealth.com is exclusively of a general reference nature. Do not disregard veterinary advice or delay treatment as a result of accessing information at this site.
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