Animal Anal Glands

Animal Anal Glands..


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Some pets have HUGE problems with these, while others have NONE.

Most of you KNOW what they are, but here is a diagram giving you a better explanation:

Here is some NEW thinking on RECURRING Anal Gland Problems:

Allergies and Anal Glands

Some practitioners are of the opinion that allergies play a large role.

They lead to chronic inflammation and filled glands.

The inflammation from allergies causes the gland ducts to enlarge and close over…hence the glands FILL up, and your pet has a problem.


You see your pet scooting across the floor rubbing her bum. Hoochie is licking his bottom more than usual. The area around the anus is swollen.


Anal glands are normal parts of your pet’s anatomy. They lie just under the anus at 4 and 8 o’clock. The glands are designed to excrete a smelly fluid when your pet defecates. They give a particular scent to the stool. The glands can become blocked if your pet is not defecating regularly, or there is only a small stool volume. The problem is most common in small dogs.


EXPRESS GLANDS YOURSELF. It may not be the most enjoyable job, but it is the best way to relieve the problem. First, take your pet to the bathtub and apply lukewarm water to clean his bottom. Don some latex exam gloves and lift your pet’s tail. The glands lie at 4 and 8 o’clock. Squeeze your thumb and forefinger together on the right side of the anus (4 o’clock) and the left side (8 o’clock). Apply moderate pressure. If nothing comes out, adjust your angle and repeat. A brownish foul-smelling fluid should come out.  If this is very painful for your pet, call your veterinarian.


  1. Less Allergenic Food. Feed your dog a simple food that he is less likely to react to. I have found that a commercial diet of fish and sweet potato work very well, and with this there is less itching, and licking. Every dog is different, so you have to try different foods; there is not just ONE right food. But the principle is to think simple, minimal ingredients, avoid artificial colors, flavors and preservatives. Try the new diet for 4 weeks
  2. Antihistamines- both natural and conventional. I have used Benadryl for big flare ups of his skin, dosing him at .5mg per lb ( I give 50lb Jessie 25mg of Benadryl at night), and I’ll do it twice a day if needed. Lately I have been trying Vitamin C which has some antihistamine qualities, and his itching is decreasing. The Vitamin C dose is 100mg per 10lbs twice daily.
  3. Essential Fatty Acid supplements. IF your dog has allergies, he needs to be on these. I am using my supplement, Ultimate Canine Health Formula, which contains EFA’s in the form of flax oil. The omega 3 dose I suggest is 1000 mg per 10lbs daily- this works out to giving 1 tablespoon of flax per 50lbs daily to your dog.
  4. Probiotics are increasingly being used for dogs with allergies. These beneficial bacteria play a role in normalizing the overactive immune system. You won’t see an instant response, but you may see some marked decrease in allergic signs after using probiotics for 4 weeks. I am using my supplements with lactobacillus and bifidobacterium, but you can dose lactobacillus at 1/4 capsule per 10 lbs of body weight twice daily.

Heal Your Pet At Home!

Best Wishes,

Dr Andrew Jones, DVM

This article is posted and shared through the Courtesy of The Smiling Dog Bakery Blog