Diabetes Mellitus in Cats and Dogs

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WHAT IS DIABETES MELLITUS?

 

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Published February 23, 2012 | By Michael

They refer to this as the sugar diabetes. Why does this happen?

There are many reasons for this to happen, but the basic problem occurs due to a lack of production of an endocrine hormone produced by the pancreas called insulin. Sometimes this is the case and other times it may not be.

Classically, through a genetic problem, acquired problem or early aging, this deficiency in insulin can occur. This deficiency is normally determined by measuring blood sugar levels, and over a certain level, accompanied by specific clinical signs like increased water intact, excess urination and may be often accompanied by weight loss.

Insulin therapy is often used to normalize the blood sugar levels and clinical signs. If management of the diabetic patient does not occur, other clinical parameters need to be considered.

What are these parameters? First make sure the insulin is still effective. Make sure the insulin has been properly refrigerated. Make sure when you roll the insulin vial in your hand for proper mixing and you are not shaking the vial and fracturing the active components.

Be aware of possible food allergies that might inflame the pancreas and reduce the production of insulin. This is particularly why cats seem to develop insulin deficiencies and then become normal with a food change.

Immune reactions can be common in both dogs and cats due to the Plechner syndrome when the deregulated immune cells make anti-antibodies to the insulin or a portion of the ilet cells that produce the insulin. This is why the use of corrective steroids are not used because re-establishing the hormone control of the immune system can bring the insulin levels back to normal when there are anti-insulin antibodies present.

Your local pharmacy will have glucose urine sticks to test your pet’s urine to make sure there is some urine glucose present otherwise do not give insulin and call your veterinarian.

Always have Honey or Karo syrup on hand, and if your pet appears wobbly or disoriented, immediately give your pet the glucose supplement, and call your veterinarian.

If the situation is questionable, do not give insulin and call your veterinarian. In the short term analysis, your pet will not die with too high a blood sugar, but certainly can die with too much insulin.

By Dr Alfred J Plechner D.V.M.

This article, by Dr Alfred J Plechner D.V.M., was originally posted and shared by Michael Goldman, an entrepreneur, teacher, writer/author, and animal care provider, who along with his wife Terry are best known as the founders of the Healthy Pet Network. As respected authorities and consultants regarding Animal Health and Longevity, they help people with their pet’s health and well being. Their “passion” is the continued development of the Healthy Pet Network Animal Rescue and Sanctuary. The Rescue and Sanctuary provides a home, food, medical attention and love for homeless or injured animals. For more information, or to reach Michael, please visit the main site at www.healthypetnetwork.org or through their informational blog at www.healthypetnetwork.net