This article was written for Pet Guardian Angels of America by Anna Medina
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Why It Is So Necessary to Feed the Puppy According to Its Needs from The Birth
The decision to have a puppy is very responsible. And the “childish” period plays an important role in the future life of the dog. This is a time of development and growth when physical well-being should get a solid foundation.
Therefore, the owner needs to understand all the nuances of feeding. They will depend on the breed, age, weight, and hysiological characteristics. Nevertheless, there are rules that apply regardless of breed. These rules may seem obvious,however, many per owners nonetheless neglect them. But this approach can lead to various diseases. In this regard, you need to correctly understand how to feed a dog already from a pup’s age, and then many health problems can be avoided. If you want your puppy to grow strong and healthy, then stay with us.
Puppy Nutrition Features Owners Should Know About
The daily needs of a puppy differ significantly from the diet of an adult dog, in fact, as well as the nutrition of an adult and a child. A puppy is the same baby who needs to fill the body with nutrients for normal growth. Just imagine that calorie requirements per 1 kg of pup weight are on average twice as high as in an adult animal.
At the same time, nutritional balance plays an important role. If a dog at an early age loses all the necessary nutrients, then it is at risk of getting diseases of at least the musculoskeletal system. All at once, the balance of feed is of particular importance.
And here, many dog owners begin to feed their pets with meat exclusively from an early age, believing that it has all the necessary nutrients. Yes, it has a lot of phosphorus, but not enough calcium to strengthen the bones. What is more, phosphorus does not allow calcium to be absorbed, and in the end, the puppy will not get any benefit, but only a metabolic disorder.
Further metabolic disorders cause a decrease in calcium in the blood. What is it fraught with? If this happens for a long time, then the bones will simply be soft. And this categorically must not be allowed when the body is formed. Most likely you understand what this may lead to.
It would seem this is a good intention and the luxury of feeding a pet exclusively with meat. But in reality, it only harms. That is why it is important to understand all the nuances of feeding a puppy.
Important Elements in the Diet
- Water is one of the most important nutrients, not only as the separate element but also in the feed. Each form of feed contains a different amount of water. For example, lean meat contains about 55% of water. Also, remember that a bowl of water must be placed next to the meal and it must be fresh and freely available.
- Proteins that are in meat should be present in the diet.
- A puppy should receive fats, but not in excess. They will provide an important energy function for the animal.
- Minerals should be elements of a daily diet. For example, sodium chloride in the amount of 2%, phosphorus 1%, potassium 1% and magnesium 0.5%.
How to Achieve Balanced Nutrition
The main task of the owner is to monitor the nutrition of the pet. The puppy’s body should receive all the necessary nutrients in the necessary amount according to its age.
The first six weeks from birth, the puppies feed on breast milk. It has an ideal composition and meets the nutritional needs of the animal.
You can start to offer a puppy some food from the second week. The fact is that by the fourth week, the mother’s milk can gradually lose its nutritional properties. Therefore, it is important that by this time the pup can receive additional sources of nutrients. Initially, the daily dose of feed should be small, which is gradually increased. And by 6, a maximum of 8 weeks of life, the puppy should begin to eat full-fledged food.
Using ready-made feeds is easier since all doses have already been divided according to the age and size of the puppy. By the way, the frequency of feeding puppies is higher than in adult dogs.
The Frequency of Puppy Feeding
Let’s look at the main nutritional schedule at different ages.
- From birth to the third week of life, the puppy must eat exclusively breast milk.
- From the third week to the eighth puppy must be offered some food. The most important thing in this period is to make open access to food. When the age approaches the eighth week, you need to make sure that the puppies stop eating milk.
- From the eighth week to 4 months it is necessary to make 4 meals a day for 16 hours. The first meal should be early in the morning. When the puppy’s age approaches the tenth week, you can begin to gradually reduce food intake to three times a day.
- From 4 months to six, you need to reduce food intake to two times a day
- When the pup reaches 6 months of age and above, it is necessary to switch to the diet of an adult dog. That is, you should feed your puppy one or two times a day depending on the breed.
Natural Nutrition vs Ready-Made Food
Some owners decide to feed their pets exclusively with natural products. But you eed to understand that it will be very difficult to achieve a balanced diet in this way. Some owners even give their pet food from the table and expose them to the risk of various diseases and even teach it to beg. But the fact that a natural diet can cause frequent digestive problems has been repeatedly confirmed.
In this case, the ready-made feed begins to prevail in terms of ease of use and rich composition. You just choose the food that suits your dog’s breed, according to its age. The frequency of use will also be determined on the packaging. And of course, do not forget that water should be freely available and be always fresh.
Also note that if you have a rare breed of dog, it is still better to stick to the use of ready-made food.
But there is an important point. If you are the owner of a rare breed of dog, then you will have to come across international literature and helpers to find out all the features of pet care. But there may be one pitfall we warn to warn you about.
There can be a poor translation of information. Since this is highly specialized literature, one mistake in the translation of the meaning can lead to a complete discrepancy with what was written in the original. But it’s about your pet’s health and such mistakes can be very expensive. Therefore, if you can not understand something, it is worth contacting specialists for a quality translation, for example, The Word Point. Thus, you will protect yourself from making mistakes and be sure that you have understood how to feed your pet of a rare breed correctly.
Now you know the basic rules, and this ensures that your puppy is in safe hands. In order for a dog to grow up healthy and active, you need to take care of its proper nutrition from the first days of your life. Follow the nutritional recommendations and then your pet will not have problems in the future.
Anna likes writing from her university years. When she graduated from the Interpreters Department, she realized that translation was not so interesting, as writing was. She trains her skills now working as a freelance writer on different topics. Always she does her best in the posts and articles.